Hammertoe is a condition that develops in the presence of pressure, where the bending of the toes at the joints (one or more at a single time) can lead to problems walking. Hammertoes usually start off as a minor problem, with slight discomfort noticed, and progress as time continues. In the earlier stages, the hammertoe is flexible, and can be treated through non-surgical methods. However, not treating a hammertoe in it’s earlier stages will result in it becoming more ridged and therefore, progressively less responsive to non-surgical treatments.

Because of the progressive nature of the hammertoe, it should be looked after immediately. Hammertoes do not get better on their own.


The most common cause of hammertoe is muscle/tendon imbalance. This toe-bending imbalance is a direct result from a structural change in the foot that may occur overtime in some people. A leading cause in this imbalance comes from inadequate fitting shoes, which forces a toe to bend in a cramped location, for an extended period of time. Occasionally, a hammertoe can steam from earlier drama to the toe. In some people, hammertoes are inherited.


Common symptoms include:

  • Pain or irritation of the affected toe when shoes are worn
  • Corns and calluses on the toes, between two toes or on the ball of the foot
  • Inflammation, redness
  • Bent shape of the toe
  • In severe cases, open sores may form on the top ridge of the toe


Although hammertoes are readily apparent, you should visit your family chiropodist to obtain a thorough history of your symptoms and for a foot examination. During your physical examination, the chiropodist will attempt to reproduce your symptoms by manipulating your foot and will study the shape and bending of your toes.

Hammertoes are progressive – they don’t simply go away, and will get worse overtime. Not all cases are alike – hammertoes can progress more rapidly in some cases then others. Your chiropodist will evaluate your hammertoe, and start you up on a treatment plan that is suited for you.

Non-Surgical Treatments

The most common of non surgical treatments are changes in shoewear and the implementation of orthotic devices that will help control the muscle/tendon imbalance. Splinting/strapping may be implemented to align the bent toe as well.

Consult your chiropodist today!

Achilles Tendinitis


Achilles tendinitis is caused by the overuse of the achilles tendon – which is found in the lower leg as a tissue that connects calf muscles to the heel bone.

This type of injury is found most common, but not limited to, in runners who suddenly increase the intensity or duration of their runs.

In the majority of cases, treatment is relatively simple, at-home care under the supervision of a qualified doctor, with a large focus placed on preventative measures, so that the injury doesn’t occur frequently. A more serious case of Achilles tendinitis can lead to to tendon tears – called ruptures – that may require surgical repair.


The initial pain associated with Achilles tendinitis usually takes the form of a mild ache in the back of the leg or slightly above the heel after running or another form of recreational activity such as basketball. Episodes of more severe pain are usually caused by continuous running or strain placed on the leg. Tenderness or stiffness are also common symptoms, which typically improve with mild, non-strenuous activity.

When should I consult someone?

If your pain is persistent and continuous around the achilles tendon, make sure to book an appointment to have it looked after. Immediate medical attention is required if the pain or impairment of the foot is severe, as it may hint at a torn tendon.

Location Point of Achilles Tendinitis On The Foot


Achilles tendinitis can be the result of repetitive or intense strain on the achilles tendon which, as perviously mentioned, is the tissue that connects the lower calf muscles to the heel bone. It is used continuously while walking, running, jumping or pushing up on your toes.

The structure of the tendon naturally deteriorates with age therefore making it more susceptible to injury.

Further Anatomical Overview of Achilles Tendonitis

Treatment Options

Tendinitis is usually well responsive to self care measures (such as restricting the intensity and duration of recreation activities) but if the pain is persistent, a foot doctor might be able to elevate some of the pain by creating custom orthotics which can relieve strain on the tendon, and provide a cushion that lessens the amount of force exerted on the tendon.

Preventative Options

The shoes you wear while exercising play a large role in minimizing the risk of recreation related injuries. Shoes should provide cushioning for your heels and should have a firm arch support.

Ingrown Toenail

The ingrown toenail is a very common condition that affects all ages but particularly may have devastating effects with diabetic population. There are several causes that may be associated with this condition such as poorly fitted footwear, improper trimming of toenails and involuted (curved) toe nail plates. Usually the 1st toenail is affected but it may appear on any toenail. Read more…

What is a Flat Foot?

It is generally believed that the function of the foot and, consequently, the lower limb during human walk depends on the shape of the foot. The easiest way to assess shape of the foot visually, is to look into the height of foot arch also called the Medial Longitudinal arch (MLA). It has to be noted that foot has 3 arches: Medial Longitudinal arch (MLA) – arch from bal of the 1st metatarsal bone to heel, Lateral Longitudinal Arch(LLA)- arch from ball of 5th metatarsal bone to heel and metatarsal arch (MA) – arch across 1-5 metatarsal bones. Read more…